In a non-precedential opinion today in Chang-Cruz v. AG, the Third Circuit ruled in favor of an Ecuadoran citizen legally in the U.S. who argued that he’s eligible for cancellation of removal because his state convictions for drug-trafficking-related acts near a school were not aggravated felonies. Judge Krause wrote the opinion, joined by Judges Ambro and Nygaard.
Any pro-petitioner immigration ruling is noteworthy, but the end of today’s opinion is particularly interesting:
In closing, we note our expectation that on remand and in future cases the Government will refrain from engaging in the problematic conduct that has marked its performance here. The last time this case was before us, the Justice Department requested and we granted a remand to the BIA for the limited purpose of the BIA considering “what effect, if any, Descamps has on this immigration case.” J.A. 619. Once back before the BIA, however, the Government asserted that Descamps was inapplicable and instead proceeded to argue that the plea transcript was relevant to whether Chang-Cruz should receive discretionary relief, along with an inadequate explanation for why it failed to obtain that plea transcript before the IJ rendered her initial decision cancelling Chang-Cruz’s removal. These were issues well outside the scope of our remand. See Pareja v. Att’y Gen., 615 F.3d 180, 197 (3d Cir. 2010). Most troubling, however, is the Government’s resort before the BIA to a frivolous argument that Chang-Cruz engaged in “obstructionism” by opposing the Government’s remand to the IJ to consider the plea transcript. See J.A. 879. It comports with neither the professionalism nor the ethical mandates of Government counsel to chill vigorous advocacy by asserting that an alien who avails himself of the congressionally prescribed opportunity to seek cancellation of removal thereby loses the privilege of cancellation. We trust that this was an unfortunate mistake that will not be repeated.