The title of this post is part of the headline of this provocative new post by Michael Daly of Drinker Biddle at the National Law Review. (The rest of the headline: ” — And a Few Reasons Why They Shouldn’t Be). The TCPA is the Telephone Consumer Protection Act, background here.
Defendants’ discussions of the Third Circuit’s recent decisions in Leyse v. Bank of America [link] and Dominguez v. Yahoo [non-precedential] have been all doom and gloom. Some of that disappointment is understandable, as the Third Circuit vacated notable defense rulings and expanded the scope of consumers who have statutory standing to file suit under the TCPA. On closer examination, however, both of the decisions offer not only a sword to plaintiffs but a shield to defendants.
But the most important implication of the ruling may be the one that the court does not discuss, namely its effect on class certification. Because class certification is the point at which claims can go from annoying to annihilating, any additional arrow in defendants’ quiver is a good thing. And the Leyse decision appears to be just that. For example, if the proper plaintiff in a TCPA case is the consumer who “answered the telephone when the robocall was received,” id. at 23, and answering parties only have constitutional and statutory standing if they not only have an “injury in fact” but also are a “regular user of the phone line who occupies the residence,” it follows that plaintiffs in a putative class action must prove that they can establish those things on a classwide basis. It is difficult to fathom how references to a calling log alone would ever be able to ascertain such people, let alone prove their claims on a classwide basis. So while the Leyse decision may make it easier for certain consumers to assert individual claims, it also appears to make it harder for consumers to certify a class action.
It’s an informative post. Daly says he’ll have a follow-up post further discussing what the Third Circuit cases mean for TCPA defendants.